Age doesn’t prevent the elderly from applying for loans. People who are aged 62 or more can actually apply for a home loan through a reverse mortgage. Known as lifetime mortgage in other parts of the world, a reverse mortgage is a kind of loan available only to seniors. This loan is used to release the property’s home equity either as one lump sum or payments through installment. The repayment obligation is deferred until the home is sold, the owner leaves (for care homes) or if the owner dies. This type of popular mortgage is equivalent to an annuity in which the principal and interest are paid with the homeowner’s equity, so it’s not something that should be considered until you have all the reverse mortgage information needed.
Conventional mortgages would require the homeowner to make a monthly amortized payment to the lender. The property equity increases after each payment. Depending on the duration of the term, the mortgage is supposed to be paid in full after the term. The property is then released from the lender after which the homeowner will then have full ownership of the property. In a reverse mortgage, on the other hand, no payment shall be made. The interest will be added to the lien of the property. Lien, in legal parlance, is actually a sort of security interest which is granted over an item or property. This is important so that a lender or an owner of a property will have security in receiving the payment of a debt or other obligation.
There are no strict requirements for people to be eligible to apply for this type of loan. There are no minimum credit or income requirements needed. However, one must be at least 62 years old as reverse mortgage are catered for seniors. They can use the money for whatever purpose they deem necessary. But there are some minor issues that borrowers must have to deal with. First, they must pay off existing mortgages (if there were any). Of course, when one is on the verge of bankruptcy, the application process will slow down. Another issue would be the type of property. There are some properties that do not qualify while some have specific requirements before the loan can be granted.
The amount of money that will be given to the homeowner is determined by the appraised value of the property, the interest rate, the age of the borrower (the older he or she is the more money he or she will get), the release of payment (whether one slump sum or monthly payments), and the location of the property. These factors comprise the Total annual Lending Cost (TALC).
The loan ends when the house is sold or when the owner leaves the property for one whole year (or 12 straight months). The reverse mortgage can then be paid through the proceeds of the sale. Qualified relatives may also opt to refinance the property through regular mortgage.
Even credit crunch couldn’t stop old people from applying for reverse mortgage. In 2006, there was a 56 percent rise for this type of loan. The trend continued in 2007. This led the Federal Government to remove restrictions on the number of active reverse mortgage loans they would underwrite at any time.